How to Refinish a Hardwood Floor

The popular trend in home flooring in 2017 is hardwood floors. Homeowners are tearing out carpet and installing hardwood floors or refurnishing the hardwood floors beneath their carpet. Learn how to refinish a hardwood floor in your home.

The cost to replace hardwood flooring is extremely expensive. A brand new hardwood floor can cost $5,000 or more depending on the size of the room and the quality of the wood you purchase. You should refinish your wood floor instead. The project isn’t too hard and you will save a lot of money in the process. Here is how to do it:

You can determine if you need to refinish your hardwood floor with a test. Drop some water onto the surface of the floor. If the water beads or slowly soaks into the floor you probably do not need to refinish it. You can just polish it instead. If the water soaks into the wood immediately you will want to refinish it.

You can’t start the project until the wood is smooth. You will need to sand off wax and other damage to the wood first.

You need to prepare the room. This means you need to remove interior doors and baseboards as well as curtains and pictures on the wall. You need to remove all of the furniture in the room too

To sand hardwood floor creates a lot of dust. You need to place plastic covers over doorways, air vents and windows to protect them.

You should rent an orbital sander from your hardwood store. Keep the sander in motion at all times. The sander will damage the floor if you leave it one spot too long. Start in the center of the room and work outward. Use handheld sanding tools for near the walls of the room.

You need to sand the room several times. During the second time use a medium-grit sandpaper. Use a vacuum to remove all of the debris and dust from the sander.

The third time you sand you need to use a fine grit sandpaper. Repeat the process with the handheld tools and vacuum again.

Now mop the floor and buff any rigid surfaces with a screen sander. Then dampen the floor with mineral spirits. You can then stain the floor if you want a new wood color for the room.

If you are not staining the wood you need to apply a sanding sealer before the polyurethane finish. Then sand the floor again after it dries. You want the floor to be dust free before you add the final finish.

The last step in the project is the polyurethane finish. This seals the floor. This is why you don’t want dust or debris beneath the finish.

Stir the finish and apply it in smooth strokes. You don’t want any bubbles in the finish. You will need to apply a second coat. Let the coat dry for 48 hours or more.

After 48 hours you can install your interior doors and return your furniture and other items to the room and enjoy your beautiful, refinished hardwood floor.